Waste management is an industry which revolves around the collection, storage, and disposal of waste, ranging from ordinary household waste to the waste generated at nuclear power plants. Developing effective waste management strategies is critical for nations all over the world, as many forms of waste can develop into a major problem when they are not handled properly. Numerous firms provide waste management services of a variety of types, and several governments also regulate the waste management industry for safety and efficacy.
Waste Disposal is the management of waste to prevent harm to the environment, injury or long term progressive damage to health. Disposal of waste is where the intention is to permanently store the waste for the duration of its biological and chemical activity, such that it is rendered harmless. waste management is a science that addresses the logistics, environmental impact, social responsibility, and cost of an organization s waste disposal. It is a detailed process that involves human resources, vehicles, government bodies, and natural resources.
As a society we manage to produce a vast amount of materials that are just thrown away, waste management is the collection of these materials in order to recycle them and as a result decrease their effects on our health, our surroundings and the environment. Practices in waste management are different the world over, dependent on certain issues such as how developed the nation is, if it is a city or rural area and so on. The management of waste is not only the responsibility of governments and the manufacturer, but also an individual s duty. Waste management is an issue that has to be dealt with daily in order to control the huge amounts of waste currently passing through our towns and cities.
Australia is one such country that is giving attention and priority to how it handles its waste, and this has resulted in the emergence of companies offering environmental services for resource recovery and recycling. To reduce the impacts of waste and unwanted resources on the environment it is important to educate the populace about waste items and how they can be processed or recycled.
There are several resource recovery systems in place and facilities that have been developed to deal with these issues. Natural recovery systems make use of of food, organic and green waste and are then dealt with in in-vessel compost systems, whilstmaterials collected for recycling include glass, plastic bags, metals and paper. Automated and manual methods are used to sort materials from construction sites, such as brick, tiles and concrete and after being sorted are re-used for road base and construction materials. E-waste (electronic waste) comes from items such as old computers which are taken apart in order to recover materials like cabling, aluminium, copper, glass and plastics. Bioreactor landfills are deployed to generate green energy through the capturing of biogas from municipal waste. There is also help provided for councils to award innovative technologies which can be used to recover recyclables.
Waste Management offers careers nationwide and some Canadian-based opportunities as well. In the U.S., there are frontline positions, corporate management, professional and support positions and Wheelabrator (waste to energy subsidiary) positions. Frontline positions include drivers, mechanics and heavy equipment operators. The company fosters a culture that emphasizes teamwork, is respectful and diverse.The country lacks experts in bio-medical waste management, says Mumbai-based Amiya Kumar Sahu, president, National Solid Waste Association of India and convener/coordinator, NSWAI-Environmental Information System or ENVIS, a result of its tie-up with the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests.
"Then there is huge scope for recycling of batteries, tubelights and CFLs, which requires skilled professionals," says Sampatth. "There is a lot of potential in this field, especially in a developing country," says Sahu.
A lot of waste management work is being done by private and non-governmental organisations. There has been some move in government set-ups towards professional garbage management. For example, through a public-private partnership, Mysore City Coporation is reportedly planning a unit to convert discarded plastic into crude oil with diesel, kerosene, wax and perfume as by-products.